The human egg donation process has been used for more than 20 years to help infertile couples become pregnant through in vitro fertilization, or IVF. If you have thought about becoming an egg donor, the doctors at the Center for Assisted Reproduction would like you to have all the information about the egg donation process so you can decide whether it is right for you.
If you are interested in becoming an egg donor, the first step is to undergo medical and psychological screening to ensure that you are a good candidate for the human egg donation process.
Our medical questionnaire will ask you about your past fertility and gynecological background, whether your family has a history of any genetic diseases, and about your current history of alcohol, tobacco, and illegal drug usage. It is essential that you are completely honest in these questionnaires, as prospective egg recipients may choose you as an egg donor on the basis of your answers. We also request that our egg donors complete a personal questionnaire to give recipients additional insight into the donor's life and personality. Medical testing will be completed after you are chosen to confirm the results of the initial screening.
Once you have passed the initial human egg donation screening, you will be placed in our egg donor database. This database displays vital statistics about each donor such as ethnicity, height, weight, and eye color, as well as some information on interests and hobbies. Though most non-physical traits such as hobbies cannot be passed to genetic offspring, many egg recipients like to choose an egg donor who has a similar background and set of interests to their own.
If a recipient couple chooses you as their egg donor, you will be required to undergo testing for blood type, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, and HIV. Additional tests may include one for cystic fibrosis if you are Caucasian, or one for sickle cell anemia if you are African-American.
After you have been chosen for the egg donation process, the fertility specialists at the Center for Assisted Reproduction will synchronize your menstrual cycle with that of the recipient. To achieve this, you will be using either oral contraceptives (birth control pills) or a vaginal contraceptive ring containing synthetic hormones similar to those in birth control pills.
To stimulate your ovaries so they produce several eggs at once, you will be administered hormones called follicle stimulating hormone. These injections will be administered to you daily at CAR.
The stimulation phase of the human egg donation process takes 10 to 14 days. During this time period, you should abstain from sexual activity, as you are very fertile during this time. To preserve the health of your growing eggs, you may not take contraceptive drugs or many over-the-counter and prescription drugs. We will provide you with a list of medications that are allowable.
The last step of becoming an egg donor is the surgery needed to retrieve the mature eggs from your ovaries. After you are sedated, the doctor will direct a thin needle through your vagina to harvest the eggs. To ensure precise movement, the operation is guided by ultrasound imaging.
Because you will have been sedated, plan on recovering at the clinic for a few hours after your surgery. You should bring someone with you so they can drive you home and help you recover for the rest of the day.
The doctors at the Center for Assisted Reproduction take every step to make sure that both donors and recipients are well cared for at every step of the egg donation process. In addition to frequent monitoring and checkups during the synchronization and stimulation procedures, you will be asked to come back to the clinic for a follow-up visit in the week or two after retrieval.
Egg donation can be a highly rewarding experience. The overwhelming majority of women who choose to participate in the human egg donation process report that they are emotionally fulfilled in knowing that their donated eggs have helped a couple to achieve the miracle of conception and childbirth. To learn more about becoming an egg donor contact the Center for Assisted Reproduction today or read more about the common questions asked by egg donors.
If you are thinking of becoming an egg donor, find out more about the human egg donation process by contacting our fertility clinic.
Donor Interest Form